Salta is located in the country’s northern heartlands and is known for its natural beauty and distinct cultural heritage. Its capital of the same name is the largest city in northern Argentina and hosted several G20 meetings.
Salta city was founded in 1582 and has some of Argentina’s best examples of colonial architecture, including the seventeenth-century City Hall and the eighteenth century Cathedral of St. Francis.
With lush woodlands covering the Monte Chaqueño region, brilliant white salt flats at an altitude of 3,400 metres, cactus valleys and terracotta-coloured mountain peaks under the shadow of the Llullaillaco stratovolcano on the Chilean border, Salta boasts an impressive geography and variety of ecosystems.
The economy is heavily diversified among agribusiness, tourism, mining and hydrocarbons. The province is home to the country’s richest natural gas deposits and has the second largest oil production of all of Argentina’s provinces.
- Population: 1.3 million
- Area: 155,488 km²
- Capital: Salta
- Top export: Vegetables
Salta is a city of traditions, as reflected in its strong family values, music and artistic expression. Traditional dances and folk music, known as peñas, ring out every night in the city’s bars and restaurants, spilling out onto the street as locals celebrate the heritage of their ancestors.
The Highlands Archaeology Museum (MAAM) in Salta city houses the mummified exhibit of the children of Llullaillaco, exceptionally preserved bodies of three Inca children sacrificed at the Llullaillaco stratovolcano over 500 years ago.
The town of Cafayate, three hours from the capital along a spectacular mountain valley, is famous for its wineries and especially its Torrontés white wine. The city is nestled within the mountains of the Calchanquíes Valley, which winds its way 530 km north to the UNESCO World Heritage-listed Quebrada de Humahuaca, in neighbouring Jujuy province.
To the west of Salta along the Calchanquíes Valley, tranquil Cachi with its worn cobblestone streets, textile vendors and twentieth-century parroquial church is the perfect stop off point for visiting the highest winery in the world.
Salta’s cuisine has indigenous influences and is known for its tamales, empanadas and humitas. Local fruits are made into jams, spreads and preserves, the most famous of which is the dulce de cayote, a sweet chayote squash preserve.