Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica and South Atlantic Islands
The country’s southernmost province, wild and windy Tierra del Fuego (literally, "land of fire") is a magnet for visitors. Its proximity to Antarctica has earned it the nickname “the end of the world”. Its capital, Ushuaia, hosted several G20 meetings and is a fascinating and historic point of exploration of nearby glaciers, national parks and both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Throughout the year, visitors to the province enjoy the rugged beauty of its four pronounced seasons, each with very special opportunities for outdoors adventure. In addition to tourism, the economy is built mainly on electronics assembly, hydrocarbons, fisheries and construction.
- Population: 160,000
- Area: 1,002,445km²
- Capital: Ushuaia
- Top export: Fish
The Beagle Channel, named after the HMS Beagle that Charles Darwin sailed on to explore the area (1833–34), connects the province’s mighty glaciers to both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. A boat cruise on the channel gives visitors a new perspective of Ushuaia with the Southern Andes as an inspiring backdrop.
The Museum of the End of the World tells the history of Tierra del Fuego, from the original indigenous people (many of whom lived among the labyrinth-like channels and waterways of the province), through the gold, oil and land-driven European settlements, to the modern era. Its historical artifacts include from original harpoons from the whaling period to replicas of the canoes of the original Yámana inhabitants.
The Martial Glacier provides pristine fresh water to the lands of Tierra del Fuego. Visitors can climb onto the glacier and enjoy awe-inspiring views of the surrounding landscape.
The End of the World Train is powered by a steam locomotive on an 8 km run through some of the most beautiful places in the region.
The Tierra del Fuego National Park is spread over 63,000 hectares. The trails which crisscross the territory offer impressive views of the many placid lakes abutted by snow-capped mountain peaks.