The smallest of Argentina’s provinces, Tucumán’s capital, San Miguel de Tucumán, has the distinction of being the birthplace of the nation. The province’s cultural tapestry is a mix of indigenous heritage and Italian immigration.

Tucumán is the mainstay of Argentina’s lemon industry, making the country one of the largest producers in the world. Tobacco, grain and sugar are also produced in sizable quantities. To strengthen its economic potential, the province’s primary airport is undergoing renovation, and new investments in road and rail infrastructure are in the pipeline.


  • Population: 1.6 million
  • Area: 22,524 km²
  • Capital: San Miguel de Tucumán
  • Top export: Lemons

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Main Attractions

The birthplace of the nation, Casa de Tucumán, is where the declaration of independence was signed on 9 June 1816.

The Quilmes Ruins are the largest indigenous ruins in the country and were once home to 4,000 inhabitants.

Los Menhires Reserve is made up of locally-built stone pillars over 2,000 years old, some of which measure up to three metres tall.

Tafí del Valle offers a wonderful combination of majestic mountains, rivers and ravines, ideal for horseback riding, trekking or even paragliding.

The Quilmes Ruins