The G20 encourages training in skills to tackle the challenges posed by the future of work

G20 education and employment ministers underscore the importance of implementing coordinated policies.

The final declaration of the G20 Education and Employment Ministerial Meeting, held this morning in Mendoza, in western Argentina, stresses the importance of creating coordinated employment and education policies to address the future of work.

Later, in a press conference, Alejandro Finocchiaro, Argentine Minister of Education, Culture, Science and Technology, praised the shared efforts made so far. “Today, education and training cannot be limited to a single period in life. Today, a 12 or 13-year-old boy will end up having six to seven jobs throughout his life,” he said. “Half of those jobs have not been created yet, and it is highly likely that those jobs will be created by that boy’s generation.”

“We have been working on the interaction between the world of labour and the world of education, and on how we build abilities and skills for life, from childhood to adulthood,” he added.

Jorge Triaca, Argentine Government Secretary of Employment and Labour, also spoke about the meeting’s conclusions and the joint declaration. “Technological changes will require our workers and our people to have access to knowledge and skill training for different jobs and professions,” Triaca said.

“The joint declaration stresses the importance of designing public policies based on lifelong professional training. The technological changes we are facing today will require our people to have access to knowledge and skill training for different jobs and professions”, he added.

The joint declaration recognizes that technological innovation, along with other social, economic and environmental transformations, is profoundly affecting the future of work. The document explains that these trends bring challenges and opportunities that require developing new skills through an inclusive and lifelong learning approach, so as to adapt to new scenarios.

In an appendix to the declaration, G20 ministers make 22 proposals, including promoting basic skills and fostering science and technology-related skills. The document also calls for promoting entrepreneurship and other “twenty-first century skills” such as critical thought, creativity, problem-solving, communication, flexibility and collaboration. It also stresses the need to promote some specific digital skills, like coding and programming, big data analysis and robotics.  

Ministers also recommend improving teachers' and trainers' competencies and skills, and encourage “the inclusion of women at all levels of education, especially in programs to develop STEM skills.”

The declaration also highlights the need to “prioritize skill development among vulnerable and underrepresented groups” and shows the G20 ministers’ commitment to addressing inequalities and disparities “through policies that ensure inclusive and equitable opportunities for all.”

Also, ministers address the transition from formal education to employment. To face this transition, they recommend tools including “vocational education, mentoring, career guidance, apprenticeships, internships, first-employment programs, and attractive career pathways for young professionals.”